Tiananmen Square is a large city square in the centre of Beijing and is a popular social and political gathering place. The square contains monuments to the heroes of the revolution in China, the Great Hall of the People and the National Museum of China besides the Memorial Hall of Mao Zedong.
The square is of great cultural significance as the site of several important events in the history of China. It is also best known outside China for the Tiananmen Square protests, a pro-democracy movement that ended with the declaration of martial law in the country.
East and west edges of the square are lined with trees but the square itself is open with no trees or benches. The square is also lit with large lamp posts fitted with video cameras and offers a breathtaking view on a clear blue day or when illuminated at night. The square is known for a number of political events and student protests besides military displays and parades.
It is flanked by Soviet style buildings and white perimeter fences and is the largest public square in the whole world. There is a flag raising ceremony at sunrise and the reverse at sunset in this square which enjoys an iconic status in China and the whole world.