The Monument to the People’s Heroes is a ten story obelisk structure located in the southern part of Tiananmen Square in Beijing and in the north of the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong. It was erected as a national monument of the People’s Republic of China to commemorate the martyrs of the revolutionary struggle.
On the pedestal of the tablet are huge bas relieves depicting the eight significant revolutionary episodes in the history of China. The episodes include the destruction of opium at Humen, the Jiantian uprising, the Wuchang uprising, the May 4 movement, the May 30 movement, the Nanchang uprising, the war of resistance against Japan and the crossing the Yangtse river campaign in Chinese civil war.
In front of the monument is an inscription in Mao Zedong’s handwriting that mentions ‘Eternal Glory to the People’s Heroes.’ On the back of the monument is an epitaph composed by Mao that mentions about glory to the heroes of the people.
It is customary for visiting foreign dignitaries of the country to lay wreaths at the monument for the immense political and historical significance of the structure. The monument not just commemorates important events in Chinese history, it is also a popular tourist attraction.